Addiction: What is addiction? Different drug problem articles
What Is Drug Addiction
Effects Of Addiction To Vicodin
Physical Symptoms Of Alcoholism
Treatment For Cocaine Addiction
Heroin Addiction And Treatment
Addiction To Marijuana
Addiction To Crystal Meth
Valium Addiction And Abuse
Addiction To Ativan
Drug Addiction Resources
How Does Natural Treatment For Drug Addiction Work?
Drug addiction is a pathological state of mind. It is a kind of disorder which develops compulsive nature of continuous drug abuse despite harmful consequences. The addicts develop drug seeking behavior and are vulnerable to relapse. Addiction goes through three stages: preoccupation, intoxication and negative effects. Natural addiction treatment addresses all these three stages.
Drug addiction is of two types; physical and psychological. Psychological addiction results in a subjective feeling of hunger for drug. Physical addiction is characterized by tolerance to drugs and withdrawal symptoms. Drugs like vicodin, marijuana, crystal meth, cocaine, valium and ativan are exposed to frequent abuse. Most of these drugs have medicinal effects. They are used as sedatives. Meant for relief in pain these drugs are addictive in nature. They directly affect brain and alter its natural function.
Since altered brain function is the result of chemical effect of these drugs there is always a chance of relapse of the addictive condition. Though the social and environment factors do play a role in the drug addiction, it is the feeling of euphoria that attracts a patient to consume drugs again and again. Addiction to Vicodin, cocaine, crystal myth, ativan, heroin, marijuana and alcohol produces many physical symptoms. Although treatable these symptoms prove serious and even fatal if addicts do not get proper treatment.
There are different approaches to treating drug addiction. These include medical, behavioral, Ayurveda and yoga treatment. Ayurveda and yoga are natural treatments for drug addiction and can be everlasting. Both of these treatments take time but prove to be effective. Milder addiction is eliminated very soon but severe addiction is tough to deal with. In Ayurveda system of treatment panchkarma is an effective detox and cleansing program. Herbal products like Vara Churna, Triphala, Aloe Vera Churna are some effective medicines to cleanse the toxic. Yantriuk Pilahantak Churna is a rare herbal product which improves liver functions damaged due to drug addiction. Bhumi Amla and Giloy also provide the same function. In addition to cleansing, Ayurveda also deals with drug addiction withdrawal symptoms. The mixture of Chitrak and Kutki is very effective in dealing with withdrawal symptoms. To deal with toxicity of Nicotine Brahmi Ghee is found to be suitable as a nasal medicine. In addition to Ayurvedic medicines, Ayurveda also recommends exercises as the best drug addiction treatment. Doing regular exercises and workouts helps diminish the cravings for drugs and alcohol. The desire to consume alcohol disappears. Moreover the regular workouts keep the body system in healthy condition with increased immune power. It counterbalances the negative effects of drug abuse and alcohol physical symptom. An effective natural addiction treatment is also possible through Yoga. Different types of yoga postures designed specially for addicts help reduce the severity of drug abuse. It helps integrate body and mind and provides a calm and soothing effect to the mind. It increases the power of concentration and makes one self dependent.
What Is Drug Addiction? What Treatment Is Available?
What is drug addiction? Quite simply, if you start using a drug in such excessive amounts that in due course of time you develop an intense emotional and psychological craving for it, characterized by an acute physical dependency, your condition is that of drug addiction.
Drug addiction is a very serious disease in itself. It embeds itself in your system in such a way that you get totally released from the natural rewarding stimuli. You start using the drug more and more frequently, and in excessive quantities than the normal prescriptions made out by medical practitioners. You compulsively start seeking the drug just to function normally in your day-to-day activities.
The addiction may be caused in two ways, i.e. either by illegal drugs, or by prescription or over-the-counter drugs. The illegal drugs are opium, cocaine, heroin, LSD, alcohol, marijuana, hashish, and so on. These are mainly stimulants and bring a hallucinating effect and are capable of clouding your perception for a few hours.
The momentary lapse of reason would result in a relaxation of some kind. And in due course of time, if you start craving for this type of relaxation more and more often, you will be considered as being addicted to these drugs. The prescription or over-the-counter drugs, on the other hand, are those prescribed by doctors in the usual course of their business.
Although most people don’t get addicted to these, there are many who cannot resist them even after their disease is cured. The opioids, the central nervous system (CNS) depressants and the stimulants are the three classes of prescription drugs that are most frequently abused. The opioids are prescribed for their pain relieving and analgesic properties. The CNS depressants are helpful in treating anxiety and sleep disorders. And, the stimulants rectify sleep disorders, narcolepsy, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), etc.
The general signs and symptoms of addiction to any drug, therefore, include a continuous physical and psychological need for the drug; maintaining a regular supply by any means whatsoever, including stealing, robbing or other malicious things; and failing repeatedly at stopping its consumption. Timely treatment can however assist in full recovery. The rehabilitation process involves withdrawal from the drug using detoxification methods as the first step, usually at a rehab center. Then, counseling and attending self-help groups can help you resist the drug in future.
In addition to this, however, even those at home and in your workplace must contribute in the rehab procedure. They must constantly coax you to fight the urge for the drug abuse. Hence, we have seen what is drug addiction, and how it can be treated. This is one case, where the age old adage; prevention is better than cure, always holds true.
Effects Of Addiction To Vicodin – Signs, Detox, Withdrawal Symptoms
Vicodin is a narcotic drug which falls in the category of opiod drugs. Its effects on the mind is similar to that of heroin and morphine. It produces a euphoric state and dulls the pain in the body. Let’s look at the effects of addiction to Vicodin, the signs and treatment.
Addiction to Vicodin has become a growing crisis. In America the federal law does not regulate it as strictly as other narcotic drugs. That is why people easily fall prey to it.
First they use it as a pain killer but later become chronic addicts. Vicodin sold as a pain killer is the combination of hydrocodone and acetaminophen. The hydrocodone is the habit forming part of the Vicodin. It gets attached to the brain receptors. Vicodin addiction can occur within one to four weeks period. If used for a long time, dependency on it becomes an issue which results in the abuse of this drug.
Regular use of this drug produces some side effects. Major side effects include drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and constipation. Overdose of Vicodin may result in depression and respiratory tract infection. The short term effects can be mitigated but the long term effects of Vicodin addiction are more dangerous. Long term side effects include decreased sex drive, short breathing, difficulty in breathing, dry mouth, increased emotional dependence and chronic depression. Signs and symptoms of Vicodin addiction are quite obvious. Patients start taking it at close intervals. If the family doctors stop recommending more doses, patients start looking for a new doctor. He even starts stealing medicine from the shops. He prefers to purchase Vicodin online and although he feels guilty of what he does, keeps on taking the drug. He always denies having any problem.
Vicodin addiction treatment is same as that of other drug treatment. It is a treatable disorder. It varies as per the individual’s need. The major treatments include medications, behavior therapy and other treatment therapies. First of all detoxification is required either by natural therapy or with the help of some drugs. Behavioral therapy includes psychotherapy, counseling family therapy and support groups. Medical therapy alone does not work. Therefore medical treatment is always combined with behavior counseling. In the medication treatment, drugs are recommended to curb the withdrawal symptoms and cravings for Vicodin. In the line of the medication therapy methadone treatment is said to be instrumental in controlling the patient’s craving for Vicodin.
Outpatient treatments also work in cases of drug addiction. Outpatient treatment includes different programs for group counseling. It provides well integrated lives to the drug addicts. But a Vicodin addict may have withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include both physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms. Psychologically patients may feel a strong urge to take drugs again. It may result in the relapse of drug addiction. In the physical withdrawal symptoms a patient may have fever, soar throat, stomach upset and anxiety. Therefore in the rehabilitation program for addiction to Vicodin patients are taught how to cope with the withdrawal symptoms.
Physical Symptoms Of Alcoholism And Treatment Methods
Alcoholism refers to a mental condition. In this condition an individual tends to consume alcohol frequently. He ignores even its negative consequences such as bad health or social stigma. In medical terms it is a disease which results in the persistent consumption of alcohol. An alcoholic is compulsive towards or preoccupied with the consumption of alcohol. At the same time he fails to recognize the physical symptoms of alcoholism that comes with it.
An alcoholic looses control over himself. Over the time several health complications start coming up. It includes pancreatitis, cirrhosis, epilepsy, sexual dysfunction and mental dementia. The most obvious physical symptoms that come with regular alcohol consumption are increased tolerance, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. He may also show signs and symptoms like numbness in legs, liver swelling, puffy face and red eyes.
Treatment programs for alcohol addiction are many. It changes with change in the perspective of patient’s condition. One opts for medical approach to treatment programs than those who take it as a social problem. But the ultimate aim of the alcohol addiction treatment is to discontinue the persistent consumption of alcohol. Alcoholism involves multiple causal factors. So its treatment requires addressing all the factors that encourage the consumption of alcohol.
The effectiveness of the alcoholism treatment is not always the same. It’s success rate depends on the person who enters the treatment program. But it has much to do with the way he responds to the treatment. The rate of relapsing is very high among alcoholics. Only 40 percent of the patients show improvements. Detoxification of alcohol is the first and essential step for the recovery of the patients. It is an abrupt stop of alcohol consumption coupled with some drug intake. The drug intake is aimed at preventing the withdrawal symptoms. Detoxification treats the physical symptoms of alcoholism. It does not actually treat alcohol addiction.
Psychotherapy and group therapy are applied to an alcoholic after the detox program is over. It is a type of group counseling which make an alcoholic sober and calm. Moderation and rationing programs are also effective in treating alcoholism. In this program an alcoholic does not give up his alcohol consumption habit but limit it to a moderate level. The approach believes that in the long run the alcohol addict will overcome his preoccupation with alcohol.
And last but not the least medicines such as Antabuse, Naltrexone, Vivitrol, Campral and topiramate are administered to the patients under the medication therapy. The visible effects of these medications are seen on the patients in terms of reduced alcoholism physical symptom. Complete cure of the alcohol addiction takes time and patience.
Treatment For Cocaine Addiction – Some Important Facts
Cocaine, a white crystalline powder is a highly addictive stimulant. It directly affects the brain. It has been an abused substance for quite some time. It is smoked, injected or snorted through the nose. Injecting cocaine can be more dangerous. It carries the potential danger of being infected with the AIDS virus. This makes treatment for cocaine addiction more complicated.
There are many forms of cocaine. These are freebasing and crack. Freebase is a very dangerous form of cocaine. Generally smoked, it makes an addict more compulsive towards cocaine. Cocaine reaches the brain quickly resulting in euphoria. But its effect disappears very soon and the person feels a craving for it more and more. Crack is a street name given to cocaine. It comes in the form of shavings or lumps.
It is called crack because it makes a cracking sound when smoked. It is has become a matter of grave crisis as it is not expensive and can be easily transported. Signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction come in two forms. One is called short term effects and the other long term effects. Both these effects are highly detrimental to the health.
It may lead to permanent damage or even death. The short term effects are experienced even if a person has used cocaine just one time. But the long term effects depend on the quantity of the cocaine and duration for which a patient has been taking it. Symptoms of cocaine addiction are easily noticeable. A patient may experience decreased appetite, high blood pressure, increased energy and increased heart beating. Mental alertness and dilated pupils are some other short term effects of cocaine addiction. Long term after effects is more dangerous and life threatening. Cocaine addiction in the long run causes serious medical complications. Some of these are heart attacks, heart strokes, and heart complications. A patient may suffer from gastro intestinal problems and respiratory failures.
So far as treatment of cocaine addiction is concerned, no single treatment can be suitable for all patients. Secondly treatment should address all the needs of the patient. There are varied cocaine addiction treatment approaches. In medication treatment medicines are offered to suppress the withdrawal symptoms in the patients. Frequent convulsions, restlessness and anxiety and pain in the stomach are some common withdrawal symptoms among cocaine addicts.
Medications help reestablish the normal brain function, reduce craving for cocaine and prevent relapse of the symptoms. Buprenorphine is said to be effective in treating cocaine addicts. The behavioral treatment has been found very effective in treating such patients. It includes cognitive, multidimensional family and motivational therapy. In cognitive therapy a patient learns how to cope with the situations in which he falls back upon cocaine or other drugs.
Motivational therapies make him respond to the treatment being given to him. In multidimensional therapy family support is very essential. Family members are advised to create an environment specially designed for the patient. Behavior of family members of the patient plays an important part in the cocaine addiction treatment.
What You Must Know About Heroin Addiction And Treatment
Heroin is a popular drug amongst the various drug cultures in America. It has caused havoc with our generation and turned away the young minds from their active and responsible social life. Heroin addiction and treatment therefore must be understood in its entirety.
Heroin is an opium derivative. Developed by German Scientists around 1874, it was considered as a wonder drug which could replace morphine, another opium derivative. Morphine was used as a pain killer during the 1800s. Due to widespread morphine addictions amongst the Northern and Confederate soldiers after the Civil War in America, doctors started prescribing heroin instead.
The drug was given a lot of preference initially as it was marketed by the German trademark holders as a non-addictive drug. This claim ultimately proved to be wrong. In 1920, its over-the-counter distribution was banned although it was too late.
The opium users develop a strong physical and mental dependency on its abuse. This makes it very difficult to rid a heroin abuser off his desperation. Therefore, the best ways to treat the malady is to introduce the patient to an effective de-addiction program immediately as the first signs of addiction appear. The typical symptoms of heroin addiction are withdrawal within a few hours of the drug intake, restlessness, pain in the muscles and bones, insomnia, vomiting and diarrhea and cold flashes accompanied by goose bumps. The withdrawal leads to watery eyes, dilated pupils, running nose, yawning, loss of appetite, tremors, chills, nausea, panic and muscle cramps.
The treatment process is same as with any other drug abuse case. First, the doctor detoxifies the body of the patient and rids him/her off the excessive amounts of the drug. Once this is done, they are referred to an appropriate rehab program. For over three decades now, the most widespread and successful treatment method has been using Methadone, a synthetic opiate. Researchers in the University of Adelaide have recently discovered a genetic variation that may help in determining the most appropriate Methadone dosage quantities for each addict on an individual basis. This could further decrease the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms and encourage more and more patients to go through with it. Levo-alpha acetyl methadol, or LAAM, is another synthetic opiate, which requires only 3 doses a week to block the heroin.
Naltrexone and Naloxone are the other drugs that are immensely helpful in cleaning the system. The effects of Naltrexone last for about 1 to 3 days. The other, comparatively newer drugs which work in a similar fashion are Dihydrocodeine and Buprenorphine. Their usage has increased because they are cheaper and less toxic than Methadone. Once this is over, the long term effects of intoxication and the risk factors of a relapse get reduced considerably by following a good rehab program afterwards.
These programs use counseling, discussions in self-help groups and guidance to rid the patient completely of the craving. Family and friends must also contribute in the patient’s battle against the drug. Heroin addiction and treatment therefore is a modification of the other drug abuse treatment programs.
How To Stop Addiction To Marijuana
Use and abuse of marijuana has been very common across the entire globe. It has led the addiction to marijuana among the millions of people.
Marijuana addiction refers to the uncontrollable urge to use this drug. It’s a kind of psychological disease. Its sign and symptoms are clear. Persons habituated to marijuana cannot stop themselves from consuming the drug. They would make several excuses and would try their best to get the drug by whatever means.
Marijuana is made from the flowers and dried leaves of hemp plant. Its potency depends on the method of preparation. It is taken by different methods. It can be smoked, injected or mixed with some soft drink. The reasons for marijuana addiction are more than one. It may be peer pressure to enjoy and have fun that takes one to fall upon it. Inquisitiveness may be the other reason to use marijuana. Other factors such as cheap price, easy access and minor penalty have also resulted in the increased use of marijuana.
The dangers of marijuana are many. Addiction has been associated with a number of physical and psychological defects. Most of the users suffer from some side effects. Mental sluggishness and cloudiness and accidents are very common among the users of marijuana. People with premedical conditions may develop respiratory tract infections, emphysema and bronchitis as a result of the use of marijuana. But the most common effect is cognitive in nature. The treatment of marijuana addiction means recovery of the patient into the pre medical stage. Here treatment does not simply mean ending use of marijuana. The patients need help to get over the marijuana mental condition. The patients learn about the addictions, recovery and relapse.
Joining a marijuana treatment program includes learning to manage feelings, changing life style, learning refusal skills and developing tools to cope with the situation. They are taught to identify the relapse symptoms and techniques to cope with it. But long term abstinence may not be possible for a patient. Long term use of this drug brings a change in the brain functions that persist for long and so there are chances of relapse. The length of treatment varies from person to person. It may take at least 90 days to show improvements if the patient is under residential treatment.
There are varied treatment programs for marijuana addicts. But no single treatment program is perfect for all. Each patient may have his own specific needs and compulsions. Different rehabilitation centers have their own style of treatments. Some centers prefer to use meditation to overcome cravings for marijuana. Since marijuana is a psychological disease, meditation offers a good way to get rid of this mental state.
Many people have successfully come out this traumatic state of mind with the help of meditation. Meditation makes the body and mind free of the pain and anxiety. It provides another activity to the patients to engage with. Thus the regular meditation can help stop the addiction to marijuana to a great extent.
Beating Crystal Meth Addiction
The scientific name for Meth is Methamphetamine. The first synthesis of this substance was carried out in 1893 in Japan by Nagayoshi Nagai. Its crystallized form was synthesized in 1919 by Akira Ogata. Addiction to crystal meth is the abuse of this form of the drug.
The first usage of the drug is found during the 1st World War. Chocolates dosed with meth were given to the soldiers to keep them alert and happy. It is also said that Adolf Hitler used to frequently take it through intravenous injections to obtain the same results.
The 2nd World War also saw the extensive usage of the drug for the same purpose. However, it was only after the war that it’s misuse and abuse started amongst the civilians in the country.
By the 60s, it came to be clandestinely produced in significant proportions. Slowly, but steadily, it found inroads into the young communities of the country with disastrous consequences. Meth is a powerful central nervous system stimulant. Its prolonged usage increases the heart rate and the blood pressure, constricts the arterial walls and increases the blood sugar levels. It also greatly decreases the appetite. The immediate symptoms of using meth are euphoria, increased alertness, nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, excessive sweating, loss of appetite, panic attacks, irritability, talkativeness, agitation, compulsive fascination for repetitive tasks, frequent chills, jaw-clenching and increases libido.
A chronic use usually leads to an acute craving for the drug, weight loss, acute withdrawal syndrome characterized by depression and rapid tooth decay (also known as Meth Mouth). Therefore, if used for a prolonged period of time it leads to brain damage, formication i.e. sensation of bugs crawling on flesh leading to compulsive picking and infected sores on the face, paranoia, delusions, hallucinations, and ultimately kidney damage.
Although there is no threat to life expectancy, it certainly gets diminished considerably. The recovery chances are dim as the withdrawal is intense, while relapse is common. A user of meth, once he/she has left it, feels dull and stupid without it. This is the reason why the treatment has to be complemented with an adequate and expert rehab program. The possibility of a cure increases only if the rehabilitation includes any one family member with the self help groups to help the patient fight the urge.
To detoxify the body off the drug, doctors have now started using other forms of amphetamine like dextroamphetamine to effectively break the addiction cycle. This has to be however followed by appropriate rehab. Crystal Meth Addiction, therefore, is a social menace that has to be combated with immediate effect. There are about 1.5 million meth crystal addicts presently in the United States. We must join hands to drive the epidemic out of our system completely.
What Are The Signs Of Valium Addiction And Abuse?
Valium is a prescription drug which is very useful in treating many medical conditions. However, it also has the potential to cause addiction if used for a longer period of time. Hence, studying the signs of valium addiction and abuse becomes of utmost important for us.
Valium is a benzodiazepine. It finds numerous uses in the medical world. It can be used as a sedative, anxiolytic, hypnotic, anticonvulsant, amnestic and a muscle relaxant. It is more often used to cure short-term moderate and severe anxiety and insomnia. It is used to cure acute hallucinations, agitation, paranoia and tremors in cases of alcohol withdrawal.
Its other uses are for relieving muscle spasms, spasticity in neurological disorders (cerebral palsy and paraplegia), tetanus, stiff-man syndrome and to treat status epilepticus and recalcitrant recurrent convulsive seizures. It also dissipates anxiety in patients who are to undergo surgery.
However, in spite of all these benefits, one needs to be very careful while using it. A prolonged, out-of-prescription abuse leads to physical and psychological dependency and, ultimately, a severe addiction for it. Regular overdose of valium, over a long period of time, leads to many health hazards. It affects the central nervous system and causes lethargy, difficulty in walking, fatigue, depression, mental confusion, speech difficulty, headache, tremors, dizziness and sleepiness. Nausea, constipation and vomiting are also caused. The other effects on the body are; the bladder control slowly diminishes along with an erectile dysfunction in men and impotency.
The heart rate slows down resulting in low blood pressure and shock. Signs of skin rash and urticaria are also seen. Altered vision and double vision result in due course of time accompanied by frequent hiccups, mouth dryness and liver problems, among others. Valium can particularly harm the liver functioning in the long run. Some individuals have also suffered from anxiety, hyper-excitation, increased muscle spasticity, hallucinations, insomnia and extreme anger. The withdrawal symptoms include tremors, convulsions, vomiting, abdominal and muscle cramps and sweating. These effects happen due to a sudden discontinuance of diazepam in hard core abusers.
The milder symptoms, on the other hand, include dysphoria and insomnia. These happen only in cases where the drug was consumed for a few months. This is why the doctors always wean off a patient gradually after a prolonged therapy involving the drug. The withdrawal symptoms can however be avoided by using a benzodiazepine with a long half-life. Valium taken along with alcohol and in excessive amounts can cause respiratory arrest and even coma. Extreme caution is advised while injecting its dosages on the elderly and those with breathing disorders.
These are the signs of valium addiction and abuse that show with over dosages of the drug. Although valium is a secondary drug for abuse, it carries an inherent risk of acute addiction.
Addiction To Ativan – Symptoms And Treatment
Ativan is an anti-anxiety medication. Ativan is a brand name; its chemical name is Lorazepam. It acts as a depressant and affects the central nervous system directly. It is highly addictive. Therefore regular use of this drug results in addiction to Ativan. Its ability to alter the normal brain function chemically is what causes addiction. The addiction causes psychological and physical dependency and decreases self consciousness.
Lorazepam has strong sedative and hypnotic effects and is taken for short-term treatment of severe anxiety and insomnia. Tinnitus responds well to Lorazepam, and so is used by sufferers for this condition. It is also used as a general anesthetic.
Ativan is considered to be a safe medicine. But it is not free of side effects. Poor coordination, drowsiness, weakness and sedation are its most expected side effects. These effects are not very intense but one should contact a medical professional as and when he recognizes these complications.
Normal dose may result in nervous system depression. So the patient should avoid driving unless he knows how he responds to this medicine. Some other mild side effects include amnesia, blurred vision, confusion, slurred speech, sweating and low appetite. Use of Ativan may also result in allergic reactions. But overdose of Ativan produces serious side effects in the long run. These are low white blood count, difficulty in breathing, anger and excitement, hallucination and yellow skin and eyes.
These symptoms are highly dangerous but quick treatment may reduce the severity of the condition. The overdose of Ativan is very common. But it should be avoided. It may prove fatal though rarely. But in combination with alcohol it is more dangerous. In the beginning the Ativan dose is just 1 to 3 mg daily. It is taken thrice daily. Its maintenance dose is 2 to 6 mg daily divided in to 3 times. Its maximum dose should be not more than 10 mg per day. It is usually taken before bed time. There are three forms of Ativan available in the market.
These are oral solution, sublingual tablets and .05 gm tablets. Taking more than 10 gm of Ativan with alcohol may be lethal for the users. That is why only a recommended dose of this drug should be taken. There are withdrawal symptoms of Ativan addiction. It is very much similar to that of alcohol and other barbiturates. A patient may have tremor, muscle and abdominal cramps, vomiting and sweating after he discontinues taking this drug. In some cases frequent convulsions have been noticed. A patient may face severe withdrawal symptoms if he used to over dose on Ativan for a long period of time. Getting off Ativan requires rehabilitation and recovery.
The treatment program for Ativan addiction may range from certified counseling to residential rehabilitation like that of other drug addiction. But it also depends on the extent of the addiction and some factors such as the patient’s personal condition. Since Ativan addiction is a mental condition a patient may find solace in meditation. Meditation may make him calm and provide a kind of activity to engage in. It may be a permanent solution for the addict.